Recent rapid transformations in East Asia have resulted in new patterns of poverty and need for social safety nets. Using the harmonized Panel Study on Family Dynamics 2006, 2011, and 2013/14 data, this is the first study to examine poverty patterns and investigate the role of social safety nets in alleviating poverty risks over time through a comparative lens in East Asia, focusing on Taiwan and southeast (SE) China. Our sample comprised five distinct groups: urban and rural Taiwanese residents, urban and rural residents in SE China, and internal migrants in SE China. We used both an absolute and a relative poverty line. We compared the extent to which public transfers alleviate poverty utilizing multilevel regression models. Our findings suggest that the extent of poverty increased at a faster rate in rural areas and among migrants in SE China compared to residents in Taiwan and urban SE China. Social safety nets reduced poverty in all locations. Although this reduction increased over time in rural areas and among migrants in SE China, it remained insufficient to narrow the disparity in poverty trends. We discuss the policy implications for social safety nets in Taiwan and mainland China.

How Effective are Social Safety Net Programs in Reducing Poverty Risks? A Comparative Study of Taiwan and Southeast China

時間下午2:00 –3:30

地點中研院人社中心  第一會議室

主辦|中研院人社中心  華人家庭研究計畫

 主講人汪書華 (香港大學社會工作與社會行政學系助理教授)

 

Abstract

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